Medication – Before, during and after surgery
Drugs that are given commonly during the surgery make you sleepy and numb. All these are planned drugs that are discussed with the surgeon considering the type of surgery that us to be conducted. This means that each patient twill have his or her own specific drugs when undergoing a surgical al procedure.
Most of these are given intravenously and through oral route. But some that may be mild are applied topically to make your skin go senseless for a short duration.
Here we have mentioned all you need to know about the medications used for surgery
Medicinal preparation for surgery
Any kind of surgery is performed under anaesthesia. Before you enter an operation theatre, an anaesthesiologist is appointed who understands all of your recent past medical history. Anaesthesiologists are the specialist who deal with the anaesthesia that need to be infected in your body for surgery. For this purpose they keep you vitals, blood sugar level, allergies and drug resistance of your body in account. They decide the amount of drug your body will be able to bear and how much awake you should be during the surgery.
Before the surgery, there are two types of drugs that are introduced in your body. One has to be the anaesthetics while the other one is an antibiotic. Antibiotics keep your body prepared for the exposure to the tools and microorganisms in the atmosphere. This keeps the bacteria away and saves you from any side infections.
The antibiotics used in most cases are cephalosporin’s that are typically given intravenously.
During surgery the main goals are to keep the patient calm, muscles relaxed and cause the least amount of pain. Therefore, a patient may be under the drugs for muscle relaxation, anaesthesia and sedatives. Anaesthesia is divided into three major categories that are sued in different conditions.
- The local anaesthesia is used to numb a smaller part of the skin or superficial structure to perform a minor surgery.
- Regional anaesthesia on the other hand, is used to numb a larger part of the body while you are still awake.
- General anaesthesia induces unconsciousness, which can be given intravenously, or though the breathing mask.
For extra surety and keeping the patient relax, sedatives are used. They calm down the nerves and allow the patient to keep all the systems relaxed. It is important to understand that there are other equipments such as an oxygen mask or an intubation tube also applied to a patient.
Each of these drugs have their own importance and none can be ignored. A doctor is always present beside the surgeon to make sure that all the systems of the patient are working perfectly fine. The monitors and the constant oxygen saturation check makes it easier for them to observer the patient’s condition.
When the surgery is over you are left to wake up from the anaesthesia. Once the effects of anaesthesia is over, you are kept on analgesic therapy, the duration of which is determined by the intensity of surgery you went under. Analgesics are the drugs that keep the pain away and strengthen the immune system by fighting internal germs. Anticoagulants are also prescribed in most cases, to make sure that there is no internal blood clotting after the surgery
Symptom reducing drugs and medication prescribed for the disease control that you are suffering from. These drugs, maintain a stable function for each o your system and also allow you to heal faster.
The investigation such as blood tests and x rays are done to keep a check on the internal body conditions. One of the best general surgeon in Karachi have marked the post-surgical management requires more care and attention than the procedure itself.
Consult a doctor
To understand more about the procedure and regulation of medicines, you should consult a doctor. You can consider the best general surgeon in Lahore for an expert and careful management of your surgery.